Справочник команд Windows (CMD )

CMD - это интерпретатор командной строки (от англ. command line interpreter). Его еще называют cmd.exe, командной строкой или command prompt. Появился он по компьютерным меркам уже очень давно, еще в Windows NT. Командная строка позволяет пользователю ПК, путем ввода в различных команд - осуществлять базовые действия в Операционной Системе. Например, скопировать/удалить файл, создать папку, посмотреть или поменять текущую дату и многое, многое другое. На данной странице представлены основные команды, доступные в ОС Windows, а так же некоторые консольные утилиты, которыми вы можете воспользоваться для реализации своих идей.

Список команд, отсортированный в алфавитном порядке. Символом * отмечены те команды, которые возможно запустить только внутри командной строки, все остальные команды, не являются внутренними и могут быть запущенны не только из командной строки, но также из PowerShell, либо через связку Пуск-Выполнить:

A

  • ADDUSERS - Добавляет или отображает список пользователей из/в CSV файла. (Windows 2000 Resource Kit)
  • ADmodcmd - Консольная утилита для работы и модификации настроек Active Directory.
  • ARP Address Resolution Protocol
  • ASSOC Change file extension associations*
  • ASSOCIAT One step file association
  • AT Schedule a command to run at a specific time
  • ATTRIB Change file attributes

B

  • BCDBOOT Create or repair a system partition
  • BCDEDIT Manage Boot Configuration Data
  • BITSADMIN Background Intelligent Transfer Service
  • BOOTCFG Edit Windows boot settings
  • BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info

C

  • CACLS Change file permissions
  • CALL Call one batch program from another*
  • CERTREQ Request certificate from a certification authority
  • CERTUTIL Utility for certification authority (CA) files and services
  • CD Change Directory - move to a specific Folder*
  • CHANGE Change Terminal Server Session properties
  • CHKDSK Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
  • CHKNTFS Check the NTFS file system
  • CHOICE Accept keyboard input to a batch file
  • CIPHER Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
  • CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
  • CLIP Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard
  • CLS Clear the screen*
  • CMD Start a new CMD shell
  • CMDKEY Manage stored usernames/passwords
  • COLOR Change colors of the CMD window*
  • COMP Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
  • COMPACT Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
  • COMPRESS Compress one or more files
  • CONVERT Convert a FAT drive to NTFS
  • COPY Copy one or more files to another location*
  • Coreinfo Show the mapping between logical & physical processors
  • CSCcmd Client-side caching (Offline Files)
  • CSVDE Import or Export Active Directory data

D

  • DATE Display or set the date*
  • DEFRAG Defragment hard drive
  • DEL Delete one or more files*
  • DELPROF Delete user profiles
  • DELTREE Delete a folder and all subfolders
  • DevCon Device Manager Command Line Utility
  • DIR Display a list of files and folders*
  • DIRQUOTA File Server Resource Manager Disk quotas
  • DIRUSE Display disk usage
  • DISKPART Disk Administration
  • DISKSHADOW Volume Shadow Copy Service
  • DISKUSE Show the space used in folders
  • DOSKEY Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
  • DriverQuery Display installed device drivers
  • DSACLs Active Directory ACLs
  • DSAdd Add items to active directory (user group computer)
  • DSGet View items in active directory (user group computer)
  • DSQuery Search for items in active directory (user group computer)
  • DSMod Modify items in active directory (user group computer)
  • DSMove Move an Active directory Object
  • DSRM Remove items from Active Directory
  • Dsmgmt Directory Service Management

E

  • ECHO Display message on screen*
  • ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file*
  • ERASE Delete one or more files*
  • EVENTCREATE Add a message to the Windows event log
  • EXIT Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel*
  • EXPAND Uncompress CAB files
  • EXPLORER Open Windows Explorer
  • EXTRACT Uncompress CAB files

F

  • FC Compare two files
  • FIND Search for a text string in a file
  • FINDSTR Search for strings in files
  • FOR /F Loop command: against a set of files*
  • FOR /F Loop command: against the results of another command*
  • FOR Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List*
  • FORFILES Batch process multiple files
  • FORMAT Format a disk
  • FREEDISK Check free disk space
  • FSUTIL File and Volume utilities
  • FTP File Transfer Protocol
  • FTYPE File extension file type associations*

G

  • GETMAC Display the Media Access Control (MAC) address
  • GOTO Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line*
  • GPRESULT Display Resultant Set of Policy information
  • GPUPDATE Update Group Policy settings

H

  • HELP Online Help
  • HOSTNAME Display the host name of the computer

I

  • iCACLS Change file and folder permissions
  • IEXPRESS Create a self extracting ZIP file archive
  • IF Conditionally perform a command*
  • IFMEMBER Is the current user a member of a group
  • IPCONFIG Configure IP
  • INUSE Replace files that are in use by the OS

L

  • LABEL Edit a disk label
  • LODCTR Load PerfMon performance counters
  • LOGMAN Manage Performance Monitor logs
  • LOGOFF Log a user off
  • LOGTIME Log the date and time in a file

M

  • MAKECAB Create .CAB files
  • MAPISEND Send email from the command line
  • MBSAcli Baseline Security Analyzer
  • MEM Display memory usage
  • MD Create new folders*
  • MKLINK Create a symbolic link (linkd) *
  • MODE Configure a system device COM/LPT/CON
  • MORE Display output, one screen at a time
  • MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
  • MOVE Move files from one folder to another*
  • MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
  • MSG Send a message
  • MSIEXEC Microsoft Windows Installer
  • MSINFO32 System Information
  • MSTSC Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)

N

  • NET Manage network resources
  • NETDOM Domain Manager
  • NETSH Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access
  • NBTSTAT Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
  • NETSTAT Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
  • NLSINFO Display locale information (reskit).
  • NLTEST Network Location Test (AD)
  • NOW Display the current Date and Time
  • NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
  • NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
  • NTDSUtil Active Directory Domain Services management
  • NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights
  • NVSPBIND Modify network bindings

O

  • OPENFILES Query or display open files

P

  • PATH Display or set a search path for executable files*
  • PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
  • PAUSE Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message*
  • PERMS Show permissions for a user
  • PERFMON Performance Monitor
  • PING Test a network connection
  • POPD Return to a previous directory saved by PUSHD*
  • PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services
  • POWERCFG Configure power settings
  • PRINT Print a text file
  • PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery
  • PRNCNFG Configure or rename a printer
  • PRNMNGR Add, delete, list printers and printer connections
  • ProcDump Monitor an application for CPU spikes
  • PROMPT Change the command prompt*
  • PsExec Execute process remotely
  • PsFile Show files opened remotely
  • PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a user
  • PsInfo List information about a system
  • PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID
  • PsList List detailed information about processes
  • PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
  • PsLogList Event log records
  • PsPasswd Change account password
  • PsPing Measure network performance
  • PsService View and control services
  • PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
  • PsSuspend Suspend processes
  • PUSHD Save and then change the current directory*

Q

  • QGREP Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
  • Query Process / QPROCESS Display processes
  • Query Session / QWinsta Display all sessions (TS/Remote Desktop)
  • Query TermServer /QAppSrv List all servers (TS/Remote Desktop)
  • Query User / QUSER Display user sessions (TS/Remote Desktop)

R

  • RASDIAL Manage RAS connections
  • RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
  • RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk
  • REG Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
  • REGEDIT Import or export registry settings
  • REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
  • REGINI Change Registry Permissions
  • REM Record comments (remarks) in a batch file*
  • REN Rename a file or files*
  • REPLACE Replace or update one file with another
  • Reset Session Delete a Remote Desktop Session
  • RD Delete folder(s)*
  • RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
  • ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
  • ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables
  • RUN Start | RUN commands
  • RUNAS Execute a program under a different user account
  • RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

S

  • SC Service Control
  • SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time
  • SET Display, set, or remove session environment variables*
  • SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables*
  • SetSPN Edit Service Principal Names
  • SETX Set environment variables
  • SFC System File Checker
  • SHARE List or edit a file share or print share
  • ShellRunAs Run a command under a different user account
  • SHIFT Shift the position of batch file parameters*
  • SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
  • SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
  • SIGCHECK Display file version no. VirusTotal status & timestamp
  • SLEEP Wait for x seconds
  • SLMGR Software Licensing Management (Vista/2008)
  • SORT Sort input
  • START Start a program, command or batch file*
  • STRINGS Search for ANSI and UNICODE strings in binary files
  • SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
  • SUBST Associate a path with a drive letter
  • SYSMON Monitor and log system activity to the Windows event log
  • SYSTEMINFO List system configuration

T

  • TAKEOWN Take ownership of a file
  • TASKLIST List running applications and services
  • TASKKILL End a running process
  • TELNET Communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol
  • TIME Display or set the system time*
  • TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file
  • TITLE Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session*
  • TLIST Task list with full path
  • TOUCH Change file timestamps
  • TRACERT Trace route to a remote host
  • TREE Graphical display of folder structure
  • TSDISCON Disconnect a Remote Desktop Session
  • TSKILL End a running process
  • TSSHUTDN Remotely shut down or reboot a terminal server
  • TYPE Display the contents of a text file*
  • TypePerf Write performance data to a log file
  • TZUTIL Time Zone Utility

V

  • VER Display version information*
  • VERIFY Verify that files have been saved*
  • VOL Display a disk label*

W

  • W32TM Time Service
  • WAITFOR Wait for or send a signal
  • WEVTUTIL Clear event logs, enable/disable/query logs
  • WHERE Locate and display files in a directory tree
  • WHOAMI Output the current UserName and domain
  • WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
  • WINRM Windows Remote Management
  • WINRS Windows Remote Shell
  • WMIC WMI Commands
  • WPEUTIL Run WinPE commands
  • WUAUCLT Windows Update

X

  • XCACLS Change file and folder permissions
  • XCOPY Copy files and folders

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